The AMCAS application for medical school typically includes one or more letters of recommendation (LOR). Each MD letter of recommendation, also known as a letter of evaluation, should highlight a student’s academic or professional achievements.
Since AMCAS does not need a student’s letters of evaluation to verify their application, students may submit their application even if their letters have not yet arrived at AMCAS. Application and letters will be made available to medical schools after the application is verified.
Each medical school for students seeking a MD degree has different letter of recommendation requirements that are summarized below. Sort the schools in ascending or descending order, or narrow the listing by searching for your school of interest.
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|Letter of Recommendation Details
|Albany Medical College
|For students attending schools that do not provide a committee letter service, between 2 to 4 individual letters of recommendation may be substituted.
The Admissions Committee prefers at least one letter from a faculty member who speaks to your personal attributes and scholastic abilities. In addition, you may provide a letter from a supervisor from either a paid or volunteer research or clinical experience. If an activity is described as substantial such as clinical experience, research, volunteering, teaching assistant or other healthcare activity, we highly recommend a letter from the supervisor or principal investigator.
|Albert Einstein College of Medicine
|Applicants who have attended a school at which there is no Pre-Professional Advisory Committee must have at least two letters of recommendation from faculty members who have taught the applicant in the classroom setting.
It is required that one of these letters be from a faculty member in the department of the applicant’s major, and the other from a science faculty member (2 science letters from 2 different faculty members in the same department are acceptable). Letters from teaching assistants will not satisfy this requirement, although TAs may co-sign letters with senior faculty.
|Alpert Medical School at Brown University
|Three individual letters of recommendation from your premedical or research adviser, professors at the institution where you last studied, or other individuals of your choice.
|Baylor College of Medicine
|Health professions committee packets are acceptable from those institutions who offer this service. These packets come in three basic formats:
- Committee letter with supporting letters attached.
- Committee letter that is composed and uses quotes from various evaluators but may or may not have supporting letters attached.
- Collection of individual evaluation letters which may also include a cover letter from an advising office or school letter service.
- Individual letters (maximum 4) from evaluators are also acceptable.
|Boston University School of Medicine
|Regular MD Applicants:
Health Professions Advisory Committee Letter or Minimum (3) individual letters of recommendation; (2) science professor letters and (1) of choice.
Regular MD Applicants with graduate degree or currently in graduate program:
Health Professions Advisory Committee Letter or Minimum (4) individual letters of recommendation; (2) science professor letters, (1) of choice and (1) graduate school letter.
MD PhD Applicants:
Health Professions Advisory Committee Letter or Minimum (4) individual letters of recommendation; (2) science professor letters, (1) of choice and (1) research advisor.
|California Northstate University College of Medicine
|Applicants are required to submit three letters of recommendation from the categories listed below:
- 3 letters are required with a maximum of 6 letters.
- 2 Letters from Category 1 or a Committee Letter (required).
- 1 Letter from Category 2 (required).
- An additional letter from category 3 can be submitted (optional).
- Category 1: A Science professor teaching the BCPM course (Required).
- Category 2: Other (e.g., Research Advisor, Non-Science Professor, Community Leaders, Employer Superior) (Required).
- Category 3: A Healthcare Provider (Optional).
If you have been out of school for more than 5 years, in lieu of the BCPM course letters, you may provide additional letters from category 2 and 3.
|California University of Science and Medicine
|All applicants must submit three (3) letters of recommendation through the American Medical College Application System (AMCAS). If a Pre-Health Advisory Committee’s letter of evaluation is available, it may take the place of the other letters requirement.
|Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
|3-5 Letters of Recommendations.
- At least two should be from science advisors/professors; or
- 1 Pre-Medical Committee evaluation letter will be accepted in lieu of the 3-5 individual letters.
- Some committee letters consist of a single letter, with no additional letters attached, while others include the committee letter as well as letters from other recommenders. If your committee provides the former, with no additional letters attached, then you will need to submit an additional two letters of recommendation, with at least one from a research advisor, science advisor, or science course instructor. The other letter can be from a recommender of your choice. Please check with your premedical committee if you are unsure which format they provide.
- An additional evaluation letter from a research advisor is required for the College Program and Medical Scientist Training Program and recommended for the University Program, if applicable.
|Central Michigan University College of Medicine
|We require a minimum of three (3) letters of recommendation (or a committee letter) and allow a maximum of five (5) letters.
If a student applies from a university that provides a composite letter from a premedical program, that letter will be accepted in fulfillment of our letter requirement.
|Chicago Medical School of Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science
|Candidates must choose one of the following options to satisfy our letters of recommendation requirement:
- Committee Letter (1)
- Individual Letters (3)
- Letter Packet (Containing three individual letters)
No more than three individual letters, one committee letter, or one letter packet containing a maximum of three individual letters will be considered in evaluating your application.
|Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
|We require students to submit three to five letters of recommendation. Students have 2 options when submitting their letters of recommendation:
1. One Letter from a Research Advisor as well as, two more from science faculty (may add 2-3 others).
2. One Letter from a Research Advisor as well as, a premedical committee evaluation (must include at least 2 recommendations from science faculty).
|Columbia University Roy and Diana Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons
|We welcome letters of recommendation from individuals and premedical advisory groups (Committee Letters) with genuine knowledge of applicants and their capabilities, who can provide more than routine praise.
Our Admissions Committee requires three letters of recommendation and accepts up to seven. One must come from a science faculty member, teacher, or research mentor.
|Cooper Medical School of Rowan University
|CMSRU prefers, when possible, to receive a letter authored by a pre-health committee or advisor intended to represent your institution’s evaluation (many institutions extend this service to its graduates as well). This letter may include additional letters of support. If there is no pre-health committee or advisor at your school, you may submit individual letters of evaluation and recommendation through AMCAS Letter Service.
We require a minimum of three letters, and we do not impose a maximum number. At least two of the letters must be from academic faculty, and applicants should always request letters from professors or supervisors who know them well.
|Creighton University School of Medicine
|A committee letter is preferred (if available), but not required. We prefer letters from individuals who can honestly and accurately attest to your performance, character, personal qualities, and aptitudes from direct knowledge, interactions, and observations.
We suggest you provide us with two science faculty letters and one non-science faculty letter, but leave it up to you to determine who are the ideal persons to help us assess your candidacy for medical school.
Applicants should submit at least 3 letters, but not more than 6.
|CUNY School of Medicine
|Three (3) letters of reference/recommendation are required for your application to be considered complete. To be competitive, these letters of recommendation should include at least one (1) from a physician or physician assistant who can attest, from first-hand experience, any abilities the applicant will bring to the profession.
|Dartmouth College Geisel School of Medicine
|We require a composite recommendation from your school's premedical committee or a packet containing a minimum of 3 individual letters from your school.
If your school has no premedical committee, a minimum of 3 individual letters is required. We encourage you to submit additional (up to 5) letters from supervisors, employers, and other colleagues who know you well.
If you are in graduate school, a letter from your thesis advisor is recommended as one of the 3 required letters. Please submit all letters through AMCAS using one of their acceptable forms of receipt.
The maximum number of letters we will review is 5, and we will read the first 5 letters received by AMCAS.
|David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
|We require 3 to 5 letters of recommendation and 2 letters must be from instructors. Letters should be from individuals who know the applicant well and have spent a significant time with them, e.g. PI or mentor. If your pre-health advisory office provides a committee letter, this letter will fulfill one letter requirement.
|Dell Medical School at The University of Texas at Austin
|In selecting those from whom you will request letters, we recommend that they be faculty, supervisors, and others that know you well and know your strengths. If you attend a school that sends a committee letter, we will be happy to accept that in lieu of any other Letter of Evaluation.
|Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
|If your school does not have a Premedical Committee, or a considerable amount of time has passed since graduation, you may submit three individual letters of recommendation:
- two letters from individual professors (at least one in science).
- one letter from a non-academic professional (included with AMCAS application).
Applicants may submit more than three letters of recommendation through AMCAS, though we do not guarantee that all letters beyond the minimum requirement will be read.
|Drexel University College of Medicine
|Applicants whose college or university has a pre-medical advisory committee should send a pre-professional committee letter or a composite letter of recommendation, which should include science and non-science professors. If this isn't possible, we encourage applicants to send letters from up to four individuals who hold college-level academic appointments from two science areas and one non-science areas.
If applicants are no longer able to secure the above letters (such as the applicant has been out of school for a few years), we will also accept letters from individuals who can provide objective evaluations and with whom the applicant has had a recent professional relationship.
|Duke University School of Medicine
|Each applicant must submit a minimum of four (4) letters of recommendation; two of which must be from science faculty.
|East Tennessee State University James H. Quillen College of Medicine
|The Admissions Committee continues to recommend that you provide us with a pre-professional committee evaluation from your school if one is available to you, but we no longer require it. It is our opinion that a school committee evaluation is the most valuable to us in our deliberations but realize that this is not a viable option for all applicants.
If you do not provide a committee evaluation we ask that you provide a minimum of three (3) evaluations from faculty members, advisors, or others who are most familiar with you and who can and will add information about you as a student and as a person.
|Eastern Virginia Medical School
|If your undergraduate or graduate school has a premedical advisory committee, we strongly urge you to have a letter sent by that committee. Otherwise, you may submit three individual letters, including: two letters from natural and physical sciences faculty and one letter from a non-science faculty (courses in mathematics will be considered in the realm of a non-science letter).
If a graduate committee letter is not submitted, applicants currently or previously enrolled in a graduate program must submit another letter of recommendation from their thesis or graduate advisor.
You may submit additional letters other than the required minimum stated above.
|Emory University School of Medicine
|We will accept one of the following via the AMCAS Letter Service:
- A packet of letters or a composite letter from a Pre-Medical or Pre-Health Committee
- A packet of letters from a Career Center or a Letter Writing Service
- Three letters of recommendation from individuals, two of whom should be familiar with your knowledge in the sciences. If your letters are submitted by three individual letter writers rather than your school’s Pre-Health or Pre-Medical Committee, you will be asked on the Emory Supplemental Application to explain why you are not submitting a Committee letter.
|Florida Atlantic University Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine
|The College of Medicine prefers to receive a committee letter through AMCAS authored by a pre-health committee or pre-health advisor which is a composite or summary evaluation of the applicant's readiness and personal suitability to study medicine. Alternatively, letters may be sent to us from AMCAS as part of a "letter packet", or individually.
In either case, we require a minimum of three letters from faculty members who have taught the applicant. Two of these letters must be written by science faculty members while the third can be written by either a science or non-science faculty member.
Additional letters may be submitted if they provide truly unique information or insight into the applicant's qualifications to study medicine.
|Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine
|HWCOM requires a minimum of three letters of recommendation:
- two from science faculty (biology, chemistry, physics, and math)
- one from any other faculty member who has taught the applicant.
If the school has a Health Professions Advisory Committee, it is expected that the applicant will submit a letter of recommendation from that committee with the three faculty letters described above attached to the advisory committee letter.
In addition to the required letters, applicants can submit up to three supplemental letters from physicians, researchers, mentors, employers, etc.
|Florida State University College of Medicine
|At least three and no more than five letters of recommendation are required.
It is preferred that applicants submit two letters from science faculty who have taught the applicant, and one letter from any other non-science faculty member who has taught the applicant.
If a school or college provides a Committee Letter of recommendation, that will fulfill the requirement; however, in addition, the Admissions Committee prefers to see individual letters of reference from faculty members who have taught applicants.
|Frank H. Netter M.D. School of Medicine at Quinnipiac University
|Applicants have two options for completing the letters of recommendation requirement:
- A packet from the applicant’s undergraduate or post-baccalaureate prehealth or premedical office, or a career services office
- Four individual letters of your choosing from individuals who can assess your suitability and preparedness for both medical school and a career as a physician
|Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine
|All applicants are required to submit one pre-professional/pre-health/committee letter or three evaluation/recommendation letters from faculty who are familiar with the applicant’s career goals and academic coursework.
The admissions committee will consider additional letters that highlight and support facets of an applicant’s application portfolio not previously addressed, and are submitted via the AMCAS Letter Service.
For non-traditional students, the admissions committee will consider letters of recommendation written by individuals who have firsthand knowledge of the candidate’s strengths, work ethic, abilities and commitment to the field of medicine.
|George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Sciences
|To complete their file, applicants are required to submit either:
- A Pre-Health or Pre-Medical Committee Letter (required if available to you)
- Three individuals letters, at least one of which must be from a science faculty member familiar with your academic work.
|Georgetown University School of Medicine
|A minimum of one (1) committee letter/packet (required, if available).
two (2) individual letters is required. There is a maximum of five (5) letters that can be submitted.
You may use your discretion when selecting letter-writers, however, it is recommended that you submit a balance of academic, clinical, and service recommendation letters.
Graduate students working toward a degree in the sciences are encouraged to submit a letter from your current graduate faculty. Please see below the instructions for submitting a petition for delayed review if you are in a one-year program below in the “Procedural Information” tab.
Only applicants who have been away from degree-granting institutions for greater than three (3) years may elect to submit entirely non-academic recommendation letters.
|Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University
|Three Letters of Recommendation are Required:
- At least one from a health care professional (does not need to be a physician – can be a nurse, social worker, physician’s assistant, occupational therapist, psychologist, etc.).
- At least one from an academic professor who is familiar with the applicant’s scholarly work.
- At least one from these or another appropriate source: a physician, a second academic professor, a supervisor who can speak to the applicant’s attributes, a related health care professional who held a supervisory position to the applicant, or service recommendation letter from a mentor.
A letter packet from a pre-medical committee can be accepted if it contains the required letters listed above.
|Harvard Medical School
|At least two (2) letters should be from professors in the sciences with whom they have taken classes.
At least one (1) letter should be written by a professor who is not in the sciences.
We should receive letters from all research supervisors for applicants to the MD-PhD program as well as applicants to the MD program. Applicants may exceed the six (6)-letter maximum if the additional letters are from research supervisors.
If applicants wish to supplement a premedical advisory committee evaluation packet with additional letters of recommendation, they should count the packet as one (1) letter toward the six (6)-letter maximum.
We do not require letters of recommendation from employers, but if applicants have been out of school and working they should have a letter sent from their place of employment.
|Howard University College of Medicine
|HUCM requires at least two letters of recommendation from science professions (i.e., instructors who taught applicant in classroom or lab and gave a grade) or a committee letter of evaluation.
Letters from research staff or volunteer venues will be accepted IN ADDITION to science recommendations referred to above.
|Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
|A committee letter or packet of letters is preferred. If you do not have a pre-health adviser or committee at your school you must submit at least three letters of recommendation from people who can speak to your passion for a career in medicine and your intellectual journey: sources may include research mentors, professional or service supervisor, professors, or clinical preceptors.
|Indiana University School of Medicine
|Three letters of recommendation are required:
|Indiana University School of Medicine - Evansville
|Submit a letter of recommendation from each of the following:
- High school school counselor or high school principal
- High school teacher
- Unrelated individual (minister, employer, etc.)
|Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo
|Required is either a Pre-Health Committee Letter OR three letters of recommendation with at least one letter from a science professor.
Applicants with Graduate School Education: You may exclude undergraduate letters but must include letters from three of your graduate school professors.
Substitution Letters: Applicants unable to secure the required letters of recommendation should advise this office immediately in writing. State the problem and set forth the credentials (name and title) of the people who will submit letters for you.
|Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine at Marshall University
|Letters of Recommendation must be provided from a premedical committee or from three faculty members who have taught the applicant.
If three individual letters are provided, two of these recommendations must be from science professors and one of the three must be from the applicant's major department.
Letters of recommendation from other persons of the applicant's choosing are welcomed.
|Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
|Committee letter (required if your college/university has an officially designated committee or advisor). Authored by a pre-health committee or advisor and intended to represent your institution's evaluation of you. A committee letter may or may not include additional letters written in support of your application.
Letter packet: A packet or set of letters assembled and distributed by your institution, often by the institution's career center.
Two (2) letters from faculty members in science departments who taught you are required if the college/university you have attended does not have a Committee/Advisor AND one (1) letter from a non-science faculty member who has taught you. In addition to the letters, applicants with advanced degrees or significant postgraduate work experience of one year or more, are required to send recommendations from each component of their education and major work experience.
In addition to those letters required for application to the MD Program, two additional letters of recommendation are required for all MD-PhD applicants. These letters are typically from faculty with whom the applicant has done research.
|Kaiser Permanente Bernard J.Tyson School of Medicine
|Letters of recommendation should evaluate one or more of the following:
- Collaborative teamwork skills
- Communication skills
- Creativity and resourcefulness
- Critical thinking and problem-solving skills
- Cultural humility
- Demonstrated leadership potential
- Integrity and moral standards
- Intellectual curiosity
- Passion for medicine and healthcare
- Persistence and resilience
- Reliability and accountability
- Responsiveness to feedback
You can submit letters in one of two ways:
1. One committee letter that integrates comments from multiple recommenders, authored by a pre-health committee or pre-health advisor.
2. Three to six individual letters submitted by three professionals familiar with your academic performance and personal attributes.
|Kirk Kerkorian School of Medicine at UNLV
|Three to five letters will be accepted. Individuals who know the applicant well and can add to the applicant’s activities and experiences described in the application and personal statement should write the letters. The medical school does not require a specific type of letter.
|Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University
|LKSOM will consider letters of recommendation from a premedical committee, a packet from a school letter compilation service, or three (3) individual letters.
If submitting a compilation packet or individual letters, we prefer, but do not require, two (2) letters from professors with whom you completed course work from the AMCAS course classification of Biology, Chemistry, or Physics.
We welcome letters from research experiences, but prefer them in addition to the requested science letters from professors with whom you completed coursework.
One (1) additional letter is required from a non-science professor, work experience, or service activity.
A premedical committee letter does not need a specific number of science/non-science letters.
|Loma Linda University School of Medicine
|If the pre-health professions advising office at the applicant's school provides a committee recommendation or a packet of recommendations, this committee recommendation or packet is required. No other recommendations are required.
If the applicant's school does not provide a committee recommendation or packet, a minimum of three and maximum of six recommendation letters from individuals who know the applicant well are required. At least one recommendation must be from a science professor who has taught the applicant. It is suggested that the other references come from a physician who was shadowed, an employer, the faith community pastor or other clergy, or a leader in the volunteering experiences.
|Louisiana State University School of Medicine in New Orleans
|It is strongly advised that applicants obtain their letters of recommendation from their school’s pre-professional/pre-med advisory committee. In this case, applicants should follow the pre-professional/pre-med advisory committee’s individual rules and deadlines for obtaining their letters. If an applicant chooses NOT to use their pre-professional committee or is no longer eligible to use their committee, the applicant must then submit THREE letters of recommendation from professors/teachers who have taught them in DIDACTIC classes in science and math. Letters from teachers/instructors of one (1)-hour lab courses or from research instructors WILL NOT fulfill the required letters of recommendation.
If you have been out of school for a short period of time (less than two (2) full academic years), and are unable to obtain a committee evaluation, you should make every attempt to get evaluations from at least three (3) faculty members IN THE SCIENCES in didactic courses from schools previously attended.
|Louisiana State University School of Medicine in Shreveport
|While not required, we strongly prefer a letter from your Pre-professional Advisory Committee or its equivalent. If you have a Committee evaluation, you need no others.
If your Committee sends a packet of letters without a consensus evaluation, then that packet should contain 3-5 signed, dated letters.
If your school does not have a Committee, or should you fail to meet their requirements/deadlines, we advise you to get letters from three individual professors. Science professors are preferred.
|Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine
|Applicants should submit at least 3 letters, but not more than 6.
We strongly recommend at least one letter from someone who has taught you in a science class, even if you are a non-traditional applicant.
If you have transferred during your undergraduate career, you may wish to include at least one letter from a faculty member at the previous school(s) you attended.
If you are or were a graduate student, it is in your best interest to request a letter from your graduate advisor and/or any appropriate professors.
You may wish to submit a letter from a supervisor or professional contact. This is acceptable and generally helpful, especially if the person knows you well and can speak to your qualifications for medicine.
|Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
|Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine requires a minimum of three letters of recommendation or one composite letter from a premedical committee to supplement your application.
We require at least one letter to be written by a science professor. A letter from a teaching assistant is also acceptable. Examples of letters writers include: research mentors, employers, volunteer supervisors, physicians with whom you have worked or shadowed, teachers and professors, and other professionals.. Letters from family and friends are not accepted.
A maximum of 10 letters are accepted.
|Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University
|All applicants are required to submit at least three, current letters of recommendation through AMCAS.
These can include letters from science professors or a Pre-Health Advisory committee (if applicable) and/or personal references. It is strongly recommended that one of the personal recommendations comes from a physician who can speak toward the student's clinical exposure/experience.
|Medical College of Wisconsin
|You must submit undergraduate letters of recommendation unless you graduated with your undergraduate degree at least five years ago. Letters must be submitted in one of the following formats:
- Committee letter
- Packet of letters
- Two individual letters from classroom professors, one of whom must have taught biology, chemistry, physics, or a comparable science discipline.
Graduate Letters: It is strongly recommended that applicants currently or previously enrolled in a degree-granting graduate program submit one letter of recommendation from a professor or thesis advisor. Applicants recently accepted to or matriculated in a graduate program are not required to submit a letter. You may elect to submit graduate letters of recommendation for undergraduate letters in some circumstances, or when unable to acquire undergraduate letters.
Optional Letters: You may submit up to three optional letters. These letters are not required. For optimal consideration, these should be received by MCW before the application is complete.
If you are applying to the MD/PhD (MSTP) or MD/MS program, it is strongly recommended that you include a letter of recommendation speaking to your ability to become a physician-scientist.
Letters from Principal Investigators may be submitted as optional letters, but typically cannot fulfill the undergraduate or graduate letter requirements.
|Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine
|At least three (3) letters of recommendation must be submitted on your behalf.
If your college pre-med office prepares a committee letter or packet, this will suffice to complete the LOR requirement.
For a non-traditional student who has worked or has served in the military for a number of years, a different kind of letter packet may be submitted. Letters from previous supervisors may be submitted, but at least two (2) letters of recommendation from college professors are also required.
|Meharry Medical College School of Medicine
|Those applicants who attend, or who have recently graduated from, an undergraduate institution or a post baccalaureate premedical program which offers a Health Professional Advisor or Advisory Committee should submit a letter from this person or committee; this letter should be sent to AMCAS.
If no such institutional letter is available, the applicant should substitute a minimum of three (3) individual letters, including two from science professors.
|Mercer University School of Medicine
|The applicant must submit a minimum of three (3) letters of recommendation (or one committee letter).
As a general rule, letters of recommendation should be sought from referees who know the applicant well as a student, coworker, colleague, or employer. When possible, we recommend that at least one letter of reference be submitted from a science faculty member who has taught the applicant and that at least one letter of recommendation be submitted from a physician, healthcare professional, or health care manager with whom the applicant has had a mentor-mentee, employment, or volunteer relationship.
|Michigan State University College of Human Medicine
|The College of Human Medicine requires a minimum of three letters of evaluation and a maximum of five letters.
A committee letter, authored by a prehealth committee or prehealth advisor and intended to represent your institution's evaluation of you, counts as one letter entry. A letter entry may consist of more than one letter. If the committee letter is accompanied by at least two of the individual letters it references, one letter entry will fulfill our requirement. However, if your committee letter is not accompanied by a minimum of two of the individual letters referenced in it, you will need to submit two more individual letters to meet our minimum requirement of three letters.
A letter packet is assembled and distributed by your school. It may or may not include a cover letter from your prehealth advisor or committee, but it does not include a committee evaluation. A letter packet counts as one letter entry. If the letter packet contains at least three individual letters, it will fulfill our requirements. However, if the letter packet includes fewer than three individual letters, you will need to submit additional individual letters to meet our minimum requirement of three letters.
|Morehouse School of Medicine
|Applicants must submit one of the following:
- Letters and/or composite letter of recommendation from a Pre-Health advisor or Committee
- Three letters of recommendation from individual letter writers (two letter from science professors are preferred).
Additional letter of reference may also be provided to AMCAS.
|New York Medical College
|Pre-medical Advisory Committee Letter Requirement (If Applicable)
An undergraduate committee packet is preferred and will fulfill the undergraduate letters of evaluation requirement. A committee letter does not require the names of individual letter writers but it must be signed by at least one of its members.
Individual Letter Requirements (If Applicable)
If your college does not have a premedical committee, a total of three (3) letters of evaluation are required. The names of the individual letters writers must be listed on your AMCAS application.
Two (2) letters must be from science faculty who either taught you in a class or supervised independent research for which you received credit toward your science GPA. Acceptable science courses for purposes of letters of evaluation include: biology, chemistry, physics, bio-medical engineering, or bio-engineering, etc. (Math is not considered a science course for purposes of letters of evaluation.)
The third required letter of evaluation must be an academically oriented letter. Acceptable letters include a non-science course letter of evaluation, a third science letter of evaluation, a letter from supervised independent research, a clinically related volunteer letter, an evaluation from work experience, etc.
One (1) of your three letters of evaluation must be from the department in which you majored as identified on your AMCAS application - whether science or non-science.
If you have completed or are currently pursuing a graduate degree, in addition to the undergraduate letters outlined above the following graduate premedical advisory committee OR individual graduate letters of evaluation are required: Premedical Advisory Committee Letter Requirements (If Applicable)
One (1) letter from your Premedical Advisory Committee from your graduate program will satisfy the letters of evaluations requirement.
A committee letter does not require the names of individual letter writers but must be signed by at least one of its members.
Individual Letter Requirements (If Applicable)
One (1) letter from a faculty member in your graduate department is required who has either taught you in a graduate class or supervised independent research for which you received graduate credit.
A letter from a graduate science faculty member can substitute for one (1) undergraduate science letter.
Letters of evaluation are strongly recommended from employers, research mentors, and/or volunteer clinical or community service experiences where you have spent a significant amount of time. Employment and/or volunteer clinical or community service work references do not substitute for academic references. They are considered supplemental to the required letters of evaluation.
|New York University Grossman School of Medicine
|We require a premedical committee appraisal letter (preferred) or two letters from professors who taught you in courses (at least one in science).
Nontraditional applicants are encouraged to submit two letters of recommendation from colleagues with whom you’ve worked closely.
|New York University Long Island School of Medicine
|We accept a committee or composite letter of recommendation authored by the pre-health committee or pre-health advisor at your college or university to fulfill our letters of evaluation requirement.
If your institution does not provide a committee or composite letter, we accept individual letters of evaluation. In this case, a minimum of three individual letters is required, two of which should be from science professors.
Candidates who submit a committee or composite letter of recommendation may also submit additional individual letters of support. A maximum of 10 letters are accepted for all students.
|Northeast Ohio Medical University College of Medicine
|Letters of evaluation are neither required nor accepted for this program.
|Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
|Your letters may be written by your college’s pre-medical/pre-health advisory committee, which may be presented as either a committee letter or letter packet. If your college does not have a pre-medical/pre-health advisory committee or other similar service, you may procure individual letters.
If you submit a committee letter or letter packet, that will be sufficient to meet Feinberg School of Medicine’s letters requirement; no additional letters need to be submitted at the time of your application.
If you submit Individual Letters, you will need to submit a total of three separate letters to meet Feinberg’s letters requirement. At least one of these letters should come from a science faculty member who has taught you. The other two letters may come from a variety of sources, preferably faculty members (science or non-science) or a research supervisor, but may also include a long-term employer.
Nontraditional applicants/students are generally defined as those who have taken two or more years off between undergraduate studies and matriculation to medical school. For these applicants, there are three options for meeting Feinberg’s letters requirements:
Option 1: Two letters by science faculty members and one letter by a non-science faculty member, volunteer supervisor or employer.
Option 2: One letter by a science faculty member, one letter by supervisor from research experience and one letter by non-science faculty member, volunteer supervisor or employer.
Option 3: One letter by a supervisor from research experience, two letters by non-science faculty member, volunteer supervisor or employer.
Do not send more than the required amount of letters (one committee letter or letter packet or three individual letters) prior to receiving an invitation to interview at Feinberg. If you would like to submit additional letters of recommendation, you may do so only after you have interviewed.
|Nova Southeastern University Dr Kiran C. Patel College of Allopathic Medicine
|Applicants are required to submit at least three, but no more than four letters of recommendation.
At least one of your letters should be from a professor that has taught you in a math or science course, and who can adequately speak to both your academic readiness and personal suitability for the pursuit and practice of medicine.
Your remaining letters can come from professors, advisors, clinical research coordinators or preceptors, supervisors, coaches, mentors, and personal and professional colleagues.
If your premedical advising office provides a committee letter compiling feedback from multiple sources, this letter will suffice to satisfy your letters requirement.
|Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine
|Applicants should submit a minimum of three letters of recommendation (maximum of five). If your premedical advising office provides a committee letter compiling feedback from multiple sources, this letter will count as two of your three required letters of recommendation.
It is a good idea to include at least one faculty member who has gotten to know you during the course of your studies.
|Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine
|Letters from three college or university teaching faculty from any department. It is recommended that at least one be from a science department teaching faculty member. A letter packet containing at least three individual teaching faculty letters or a premedical committee evaluation report (Committee Letter) may be submitted in lieu of the three separate recommendations.
Applicants who have been out of college for five years or more may submit two letters from employers and one from a teaching faculty member.
It is highly recommended of all applicants that they provide additional non-academic recommendations as well. Applicants should carefully select a well-chosen group of letters that speak to significant experiences in health care/physician shadowing and extracurricular accomplishments.
|Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine
| - At least two letters from faculty in science disciplines
- At least one letter from faculty in a non-science discipline
- At least one remaining letter from college faculty, community leader, employer, or others in positions of responsibility that know the applicant well
In either case, no additional letters are required, unless you have multiple degrees. If this is true, you must submit one letter from each of the institutions that has granted you any of the following degrees: Associate, Bachelor, Master or Doctorate.
You have one or more years of graduate study or full-time employment at the time of application. If this is true, you are required to submit one additional letter of recommendation from a member of the graduate faculty or work supervisor.
|Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
|Composite or committee: Individual letter/letter packet from a pre-health advisor or career service office, with or without additional letters attached.
A minimum of three (3) letters from faculty members who know the applicant well; at least one must come from a science faculty member with whom the applicant has taken courses.
The Perelman School of Medicine has no maximum for letters of recommendation.
|Ponce School of Medicine
|Three letters of recommendation (two from professors and one written by an individual familiar with the applicant’s skills and abilities) or a composite letter from a premedical committee. Letters must be submitted through AMCAS.
|Rush University, Rush Medical College
|Option 1: One pre-medical committee packet (preferred, if offered by your institution)
Option 2: One letter packet
Option 3: Three individual letters with the following guidelines:
Academic Letter: an individual who can critically evaluate your academic strengths and abilities, as well as your preparedness and suitability for a rigorous medical school curriculum. The academic letter does not need to be written by a science faculty member.
Professional Non-Academic Letter: an individual who has worked with you in a professional capacity and can insightfully address your personal strengths and attributes (e.g. resilience, dependability, social skills, cultural competence, service orientation) and the value these would bring to the diversity of the class, the patients you see, and the communities we serve. Examples might include: work supervisor, volunteer coordinator, physician shadowed.
Personal Letter: an individual who has an in-depth perspective of you and can objectively assess your personal qualities. This letter should be a deeper, more personal letter that discusses who you are as an individual and addresses your personal goals, characteristics and aspirations for a career in medicine. This individual should be someone who has had substantial contact with you during the past 24 months. Letters from friends and family will not be accepted.
Should you submit more than three individual letters, you will be asked to indicate the three letters which you would like us to evaluate as part of your application.
|Rutgers New Jersey Medical School
|A pre-medical committee packet is preferred by the NJMS Admissions Committee.
If your school does not have a pre-medical committee, a minimum of (2) science and (1) non-science recommendation letters from faculty who are able to assess your candidacy for medical school are required.
Submit as many additional letters beyond the requirements you feel are appropriate in support of your medical school application.
Applicants who have been out of school for an extended period of time are required to submit academic letters of recommendation. Letters from principle investigators and/or employers may be submitted as supplemental letters.
|Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
|RWJMS requires three letters of recommendation (or committee evaluation) and allows up to 10 letters, the additional letters do not need to be from professors.
We do welcome committee letters, but do not require them.
|Saint Louis University School of Medicine
|If your current college or university has a pre-medical or pre-professional recommendations committee, it must send us an evaluation.
If your school does not have a committee, request letters of evaluation from three of your college or university professors. Be sure at least one of these individuals teaches science.
|San Juan Bautista School of Medicine
|Any one of the following will satisfy the academic letters of recommendation requirement:
Committee letter (required if your college/university has an officially designated committee or advisor). Authored by a pre-health committee or advisor and intended to represent your institution's evaluation of you. A committee letter may or may not include additional letters written in support of your application.
Letter packet: A packet or set of letters assembled and distributed by your institution, often by the institution's career center.
Faculty letters (required if the college/university you attended does not have a committee or advisor).
|Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota
|Three individual recommendations.
Evaluation materials/packet from a structured pre-medical committee with at least three contributing members on the pre-medical committee.
You should submit no more than four recommendation letters.
|Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University
|We prefer to receive a recommendation from a preprofessional committee. If there is no such committee, letters should be provided by individual faculty members (preferably one letter each from Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Humanities, if possible). Applicants who have been involved in graduate programs are encouraged to provide additional letters from their graduate schools.
|Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
|There are two options:
1. Submit one pre-health professions committee letter or another composite letter of recommendation.
2. Submit four individual letters. This option requires three letters written by academic sources (i.e., professor or research advisor) and one personal or professional letter.
Letters from political sources are not recommended.
|Stanford University School of Medicine
|A minimum of three and a maximum of six individual letters of recommendation is required.
Pre-medical committee evaluations/letters are not required. However, if submitted, only the individual letters contained within the pre-medical committee packet will count toward the number of letters of recommendation.
If the committee evaluation/letter references or summarizes individual evaluators, each individual evaluation/letter of recommendation must be included with the committee packet.
|State University of New York Downstate Medical Center College of Medicine
|If you are submitting an AMCAS Committee Letter or a Letter Packet, we accept all the letters included in the packet. Please make sure that at least one of the letters is from a science professor who has taught you in a biology, chemistry or physics course. If you are submitting individual letters, please submit no more than two letters (one must be from a science professor).
If you are enrolled in a graduate program, your faculty advisor/major professor must submit a letter of recommendation. This should be in addition to the letters specified above.
If you have graduated from college and are currently employed or are a non-traditional applicant, you may submit two individual letters of recommendation if you are unable to submit a premedical advisor or a committee letter. One letter should be from a science faculty member who has taught you in one of the science courses required for admission, and the second letter may be from your supervisor at your place of employment, or a faculty member who has taught you recently.
If you have not taken any college course work recently (within the last six years) but are currently employed, you may submit two individual letters of recommendation. One should be from your supervisor at your place of employment and the second may be from a physician or health professional with whom you have worked or a faculty member who has taught you and knows you well.
|State University of New York Upstate Medical University
|Current Undergraduate Students: Applicants must submit a letter of evaluation from the Health Professions Advisory Committee or the Pre-Health Advisor from their undergraduate institution. In the absence of such a committee, two letters of recommendation from faculty members in different departments are acceptable, although one of the departments must be a science department.
Current Graduate Students: Students in a degree-granting program must submit a letter of recommendation from a graduate advisor or department chairperson. This letter is in addition to the Health Professions Advisor or Committee letter for undergraduate students (see above). For those applicants who have recently started their graduate program, we are looking for a letter of "good standing" from your graduate advisor or department chair. Non-matriculated students taking graduate courses do not need to submit this letter.
Non-Traditional Students: Applicants who graduated from an undergraduate college more than 5 years ago, and are currently employed full-time, may submit one letter of recommendation from a science faculty member with whom a medical school prerequisite was taken and one letter of recommendation from a current supervisor.
MD/PhD Applicants: Applicants must submit a letter of evaluation from their Health Professions Advisory Committee or Pre-health Advisor AND three (3) additional letters of recommendation from people familiar with their academic background, their interest in research and their suitability for the MD/PhD Program. The three letters of recommendation to fulfill this requirement must be communicated when submitting a supplemental application to the MD/PhD Program.
|Stony Brook University, Renaissance School of Medicine
|A letter of evaluation from the applicant's premedical adviser is required. If no such official exists, letters from two instructors, one of whom is in a science field, should be submitted. No other letters are solicited. However, the Committee on Admissions (COA) also welcomes letters from others who may provide important information about the candidate.
|TCU and UNTHSC School of Medicine
|Applicants must submit at least three letters of recommendation.
Individual letters, letter packets containing at least three letters and/or a committee letter with two additional letters will meet the requirement.
Additional individual letters are encouraged if your committee letter does not include additional letters of recommendation.
|Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine
|A minimum of three evaluations or a Health Professions Advisory packet are required. Letters of reference from professors are preferred, however, letters from employment supervisors, physicians, other medical personnel or research mentors are acceptable as well.
If an applicant is no longer in undergraduate school and cannot obtain an evaluation from their former health professions adviser or health professions advisory committee, they should proceed as follows:
If attending graduate school, one evaluation must be from the applicant's graduate adviser, a major professor or the chairperson of their major department.
If an applicant has been out of college for more than one year and is currently employed or serving in the military, one of the required evaluations must be written by their immediate supervisor or commanding officer.
If self-employed, one of the recommendation letters must be from a business associate. The evaluation must detail the applicant's performance.
If an applicant cannot obtain a letter from a health professions adviser or faculty member because they have been out of school for several years, they must submit at least two letters from employment supervisors or associates, medical personnel, and/or research mentors to complete the evaluation packet.
|Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Paul L. Foster School of Medicine (El Paso, TX)
|A minimum of two letters of recommendation are required.
|Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine (Lubbock, TX)
|2 letters of evaluation are required. These letters should address both the academic and the leadership potential of the student.
|The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University
|There are two options for required letters:
Three individual letters
two academic references (from individuals who have taught you coursework for a grade), one of which should be from a science instructor,
one personal non-academic reference (employer, advisor, or other non-family individual)
One letter from the Pre-Medical Advisory Committee at your undergraduate school
Some consideration may be given to applicants who have not done any academic work for three or more years. Interested applicants should contact our office for more information.
|The Ohio State University College of Medicine
|Academic Letters: You should submit two letters from professors in any courses who have taught you and assigned a grade for credit in the course; at least one should be a science course. A premedical committee composite letter satisfies this requirement.
Personal/Professional Experience Letters: It is strongly recommended that you provide additional letters from individuals outside of the classroom setting, such as supervisors, managers or those you’ve worked with in the community, a volunteer service and/or a clinical or research setting.
|Tufts University School of Medicine
|Applicants to Tufts School of Medicine are required to submit letters of recommendation from college faculty members, employers, volunteer activity supervisors, or others who are able to attest to the applicant’s qualifications for medical school.
Applicants must submit a minimum of either:
- Three individual letters (we do not specify the nature of the authors) that will arrive at the admissions office separately.
- A “package” of letters that will arrive from the applicant’s undergraduate or post-baccalaureate school’s premedical office or career-services office. The nature of the “package” varies greatly from school to school. Some schools write an official premedical committee letter and append individual letters; some schools write “composite” letters which refer to and quote individual letters; some schools simply collect, collate, and distribute individual letters. We accept all variations.
We do not have a maximum limit on the number of letters you may submit. However, in general, applicants submit between 3-5 letters.
|Tulane University School of Medicine
|Tulane's requirement for letters of recommendation is as follows:
1) A committee letter or a letter of recommendation packet from your pre-medical advising committee
2) A total of three letters of recommendation. It is best to choose letters from people who know you the best and can speak on either your academic ability, your commitment to service, or your passion for medicine. These letters can be from anyone of your choice, but at least one must come from someone with a science/medical background.
If you are out of school or your undergraduate degree is not science based, then choose 3 professionals that know you well.
For a committee letter with three or more signatures, no additional letters are needed. Do not submit more than three letters total, if sending individual letters.
|Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine
|At a minimum, you need a clinical letter and a premedical committee letter (if available) or two natural science academic letters and one other academic letter from outside the natural sciences.
|Universidad Central del Caribe School of Medicine
|A minimum of two letters of recommendation is required from science professors or a letter from the Pre-medical Committee uploaded through the AMCAS application.
Students are required to be fully bilingual in Spanish and English. Since course work could be in either languages.
|University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine
|All letters of recommendation must be submitted through the AMCAS Letters Service by using AMCAS Letter Writer Application, Interfolio, mail and/or VirtualEvals. Please ensure all your letters are submitted to AMCAS through one or more of the above mediums. Only letters submitted through this service will be included in your application for review by our admissions committee. Please note that there is a five letter maximum for this requirement.
We offer three options for fulfilling the letters requirement portion of our secondary application:
Committee Letter - Preferred Option
A committee letter is authored by a pre-health committee or pre-health advisor and intended to represent your institution's evaluation of you. A committee letter may or may not include additional letters written in support of your application. If you have committee letters from two different programs/schools, list one as your committee letter and include the other as an individual letter.
A packet or set of letters is assembled and distributed by your institution, often by the institution’s career center. A letter packet may include a cover sheet from your pre-health committee or advisor; however, in contrast to a committee letter, a letter packet does not include an evaluative letter from your pre-health committee or advisor.
Three Individual Letters
Individual letters should include at least one letter from a faculty member (preferably a science faculty member) and two letters other faculty or individuals who can provide in-depth evaluation and recommendation.
|University of Arizona, College of Medicine – Phoenix
|The Admissions Committee requires a minimum of three letters (and recommends no more than five) from individuals with whom you have an established professional relationship and can clearly affirm the traits and characteristics desired in a physician.
At least one letter from a recent clinical experience is highly recommended.
Additional letters from individuals in a variety of settings are desired: employer, research lab supervisor, community service project leader, etc.
Letters from family members or personal friends are not recommended.
|University of Arizona, College of Medicine – Tucson
|Three letters of recommendation are required. One letter must be from a clinical setting.
Overall, letters should be from individuals with whom applicants are well-acquainted. The Admissions Committee is looking for accurate, in-depth evaluations of qualities suitable for medical school. These qualities include motivation to attend medical school, maturity, character, and commitment to the practice of medicine. Letters from family and friends are not recommended.
What matters is that the letters convey cogent information about your work. Obtaining a letter from the employer who you are working with during the application year is very important. Evidence of a successful engagement in a post-college experience will be a valuable addition to other letters that also may be part of your file.
Letters of recommendation options:
- 1 clinical letter from a person who has seen you interact with patients, family members, and other staff members (i.e. MD, volunteer coordinator, RN, Nurse practitioner or other healthcare provider)
- 2 letters from other professionals
- 1 letter packet/committee packet
- 1 clinical letter from a person who has seen you interact with patients, family members, and other staff members (i.e. MD, volunteer coordinator, RN, Nurse practitioner or other healthcare provider)
|University of Arkansas of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine
|Recommendations from your Premedical Advisory Committee are required and must be sent directly to AMCAS Letters Service. Your application will not be reviewed if you miss your school’s Premedical Advisory Committee deadline and we are advised that a letter is not forthcoming.
If your institution does not have a Premedical Advisory Committee, or it has been more than two years since you last attended/graduated from your school, you may choose to have three faculty members submit individual letters of recommendation.
In addition to the required Premedical Advisory Committee composite evaluation or three academic letters of recommendation from faculty, you also have the option to ask three individuals to submit personal letters of recommendation which primarily address your qualifications outside the classroom.
|University of California, Davis School of Medicine
|Letters of recommendation :3-6 LORs allowed; at least one from a physician or clinician recommended.
|University of California, Irvine School of Medicine
|Three to six current letters are suggested. Applicants are advised to obtain letters of recommendation from individuals (e.g., attending MD, PI, Director, etc.) involved with their major activities.
|University of California, Riverside School of Medicine
|Three individual letters of recommendation, or a committee letter, are required.
Applicants may submit a maximum of five letters. These letters may be written by a premedical advisor, undergraduate faculty, mentors or any individual of your choice.
|University of California, San Diego School of Medicine
|A minimum of three letters are required from individuals who can provide a well considered evaluation of your qualifications for the medical profession. Two of the three should be from faculty with a science background at a four-year undergraduate institution – course instructors, research mentors, clinical faculty are all acceptable.
A minimum of two letters of recommendation are required from research related faculty. Please refrain from sending more than seven letters of recommendation.
|University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine
|One should aim for having 2-3 letters in for programs’ opening of your application.
|University of Central Florida College of Medicine
|Applicants are required to submit at least three, but no more than five letters of recommendation.
At least one of your letters should ideally be from a core science faculty (i.e. Biology, Chemistry, Physics, etc.) who has taught you in a core science course, and who can adequately speak to both your academic readiness and personal suitability for the pursuit and practice of medicine.
Non-Traditional Applicants may submit a letter from a supervisor in lieu of the required faculty letter.
Non-Traditional Applicant – an applicant where at least one year has passed since obtaining the initial bachelor’s degree. This applicant may have completed additional academics possibly leading to another degree, or may have been away from academics for several years.
Your remaining letters can come from professors, advisors, research coordinators or preceptors, supervisors, coaches, mentors and personal and professional colleagues. Keep in mind, if you indicate in your application you have spent a significant amount of time with an individual, such as a physician or research mentor, it is advisable to have this individual submit a letter on your behalf. A physician letter is encouraged, but not required.
A Pre-Health Advising Committee letter/packet may fulfill our letter requirements. Please note that our preference is for the committee letter to be appended with the individual letters submitted to the Pre-Health Office/Committee to support that letter. Please check with your Pre-Health Advising Office on the format of their committee letter if you are not sure. If individual letters are not included with the committee letter, the applicant may wish to solicit individual letters in addition to the committee letter.
|University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
|Applicants may submit:
- At least one committee letter, composite letter, or premedical advisor's letter.
- A minimum of three individual letters.
There is no maximum letter limit, but we strongly encourage quality over quantity. If you are submitting individual letters of recommendation, two letters of recommendation should come from science faculty.
|University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
|Minimum number of letters: one committee packet or three individual letters.
Maximum number of letters: five.
The REGULAR MD PROGRAM requires one (1) packet from your pre-professional committee or three (3) letters from individuals who can properly evaluate your strengths as an applicant and future clinician. In addition to our letter requirement, we will accept up to a total of 5 letters. If you choose to submit three (3) letters, we suggest you request two (2) letters from individuals who can evaluate your performance in science coursework or medical settings.
The MD/PhD PROGRAM requires three (3) letters from individuals who served in an instructional or advisory capacity.
|University of Colorado School of Medicine
|We require three to five letters, or a committee summary letter; letters can come from a faculty member, clinical experience, research experience, or a current job as the letter transmits cogent information about the applicant’s work. Obtaining a letter from the employer who you are working with during the application year is highly recommended.
Evidence of a successful engagement in a post-college experience is considered a valuable addition to other letters that also may be part of your file.
Some colleges offer a pre-medical advising system and the committee writes letters for their students. A committee letter is sufficient to meet the medical school letter of recommendation requirements.
|University of Connecticut School of Medicine
|Develop a list of recommenders who will be able to speak to applicants' various strengths, capabilities and aptitudes from different standpoints. This includes academic, clinical, research and other professional areas. Students should particularly take note of the breadth, depth, and rigor expectations of their coursework and consider how their academic letters of recommendation speak to those areas.
|University of Florida College of Medicine
|The University of Florida College of Medicine requires a minimum of 3 letters and we will accept up to 6 and no more, regardless of the AMCAS allowance. Please do not designate more than 6 letters to UF; only the first 6 will be included in your application for committee review.
A specific distribution of recommenders is not required; however, the letters are a very important part of the application. Applicants are advised to select recommenders who can collectively best address in detail the range of competencies in all 4 categories outlined by the AAMC.
A Pre-Health Advising Committee letter/packet will fulfill our letter requirements. Please note that our preference is for the committee letter to be appended with the individual letters submitted to the Pre-Health Office/Committee to support that letter.
|University of Hawaii at Manoa John A. Burns School of Medicine
|A minimum of two letters of recommendation or a composite report from a Premed Committee are required. You may submit more, but for practical purposes you should not exceed five letters.
The most useful letters are from faculty members.
Outside of the classroom, useful letters are from those who have gotten to know you well and who have observed you in a health/clinical or research or community service/volunteer setting. Such letters may come from research/lab supervisors, physician who you may have shadowed, mentored, or worked with either as a volunteer or employee.
|University of Houston
|Submit a minimum of three (3) letters of recommendation.
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Carle Illinois College of Medicine
|A minimum of three individual letters of recommendation and a maximum of four letters of recommendation.
A premedical committee report or other composite letter of recommendation from the applicant’s primary college or university. Regardless of length, applicants with a committee report or composite letter may optionally submit a single, additional letter of recommendation.
|University of Illinois College of Medicine
|Premedical committee evaluation.
Three letters from instructors (any field of study) from whom the candidate has taken courses. One of the letters can be from a research mentor. These letters should critically evaluate the candidate’s academic ability, strengths and weaknesses, motivation for medicine, maturity, difficulty of course work, and special attributes/assets. Personal letters of recommendation are not acceptable. If you are currently enrolled in a graduate program or professional school, one letter must be from a faculty member at the graduate or professional school.
|University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine
|Three letters of recommendation are required. You may provide a fourth letter from a person associated with a meaningful extracurricular experience.
We encourage applicants to provide letters from a variety of individuals qualified to assess personal (as well as academic) qualities, such as work ethic, reliability, communication skills, leadership, altruism, compassion, and motivation for medicine. Letters of recommendation from family members are discouraged.
If you are currently enrolled in an academic program and your school issues a committee letter, that letter is required.
If you are several years removed from college, you are strongly encouraged to provide letters from individuals with whom you have had meaningful recent experiences.
Options for letter submissions (choose one):
Option 1: Individual Letters - Your letter writers may submit individual letters to AMCAS Letter Service. This selection requires 3 letters (2 academic and 1 non-academic), but no more than 4 total letters.
Option 2: Committee Letter - Your school may submit a committee letter or comprehensive report. If this includes fewer than 3 individual letters, you may also submit individual letter(s) not to exceed 4 total letters.
Option 3: Packet of Letters - Your school may submit a packet of at least 3 individual letters. If this includes fewer than 3 individual letters, you may also submit individual letter(s) not to exceed 4 total letters.
|University of Kansas School of Medicine
|Applicants must have between three and five letters of recommendation (five strongly recommended) submitted on their behalf.
Applicants whose premedical advisor or advising committee writes one summary letter must have submitted between two and four additional letters of recommendation. We request letters from a variety of sources – faculty, employers, supervisors, or other persons who know you well and can be regarded as objective evaluators.
|University of Kentucky College of Medicine
|The following letters will be considered as part of the application:
Committee letter: If the applicant is an undergraduate student at a school that has a premedical committee, the applicant must use their recommendation process and forms.
Letter packet: A premedical advisor may furnish a composite evaluation compiled from contributing faculty at the applicant’s school.
Individual letter: If there is no committee or advisor, the applicant is required to provide three letters of recommendation, at least one of the three recommendations from a faculty member in the major area of concentration and at least one from a science area.
Applicants who have previously applied and supplied letters of evaluation must submit two new individual letters of evaluation with their revised and updated AMCAS application.
Submit no more than 5 letters. If your school attaches a committee letter, it counts as three letters.
|University of Louisville School of Medicine
|Each applicant is required to submit a pre-med advisory committee report. If your college/university does not have a pre-med committee, we require 3 academic letters of recommendation. These letters must be on college letterhead and specifically, they should be from 2 science professors and 1 non-science professor.
Candidates may submit two additional letters, ideally, from sources that speak to the candidate’s suitability for medicine.
Non-traditional applicants or those that have been out of school for 2 or more years may substitute no more than 2 academic letters with employer letters from a direct supervisor, a letter from a research PI/supervisor or letters from a substantive volunteer environment.
|University of Maryland School of Medicine
|The following policies and procedures apply:
A letter of recommendation from the Premedical Advisory Committee or the official Premedical Advisor is required if your undergraduate school has such a Committee or Advisor. If you are unable to have this letter sent you should:
- Write a letter to the Committee on Admissions explaining why you are unable to have this letter sent and;
- Ask the Premedical Committee or advisor to write to the Committee on Admissions indicating that they will not be able to send an official letter.
All letters of recommendation must be written on official stationery and sent directly to AMCAS. If you have a recommender who does not write his/her letter on stationery we will still accept it as long as the letter comes from AMCAS.
If your school does not have a Premedical Advisory Committee, your letters of recommendation must come from three of your undergraduate and/or graduate school faculty. At least two letters must come from science faculty and one from non-science faculty.
If you are not currently enrolled as an undergraduate student and are unable to submit a composite letter of recommendation, please arrange to have at least one letter sent from each component of your education (undergraduate and graduate) and major work experience to date.
|University of Massachusetts Medical School
|The UMass Medical School Admissions Committee will accept 3 to 6 letters.
A composite premed committee letter is expected when a committee letter is available to you from your undergraduate institution. Applicants who do not submit a committee letter should explain in our secondary application why a committee letter was not provided. Additional letters (see below) can be submitted.
If a pre-med committee letter is not available at your institution, please submit letters from:
Two biology, chemistry, biochemistry or physics professors. These individuals should know you well enough to comment on your personal attributes.
Additional letters may be written by mentors, advisors and supervisors from academic, research, employment, volunteer and service opportunities.
If you are enrolled in or have completed a post baccalaureate or graduate program in biomedical sciences, a letter from the program director is expected in lieu of the undergraduate letter requirements.
If you are applying to our MD/PhD program, please provide letters from a minimum of two most recent research supervisors for a maximum of five letters. Applicants may exceed the six letter maximum if the additional letters are from research supervisors.
|University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine
| The Committee on Admissions requires either a letter of evaluation from the premedical advisory committee at your school (greatly preferred), or three letters of recommendation from faculty members who can provide an evaluation both of your academic ability and of your personal qualifications for a career in medicine. Both issues should be addressed in all individual letters of recommendation. Individual faculty members should also indicate in what capacity they have known you, for how long they have known you, and how well they know you. It is also helpful if they describe how you compare with other candidates for whom they have written letters.
In addition to the letters described above, applicants may submit a maximum of two more letters to support their application.
These letters may not be substituted for the required letters. Letters that can add substantially to the overall picture of you as a candidate for medical school are most desirable. Letters from relatives and friends of the family, roommates or teaching assistants, or elected officials are strongly discouraged unless they can provide truly unique information about you that is not available from other sources.
|University of Michigan Medical School
|A minimum of 3 letters of recommendation are required (or one committee letter that includes multiple letters) up to a maximum of 6 letters. Your recommenders can be any individuals who can objectively assess your personal qualities such as integrity and ethics; reliability and dependability; social, interpersonal and teamwork skills; resilience and adaptability; altruism; and a desire to learn.
There are no specific requirements regarding how you select these individuals. However, if you choose to include someone from your academic experiences, we strongly recommend an experienced faculty member (Associate Professor or Professor) rather than a graduate student instructor (GSI).
|University of Minnesota Medical School
|Recommendations should be requested from people who know you well and can evaluate you based on your demonstration of our Essential and Desired Qualities of an Ideal Medical Student. Example of letter writers can include a physician, your faculty, research or volunteer supervisor, employer or mentor.
For students applying to Duluth, an ideal mix of letters might be one from a science faculty person, one from a work/volunteer experiences supervisor, and one from a rural family medicine physician. Please note that we do not specifically require letters from any type of person and not every accepted student has this mix of letters.
The Twin Cities and Duluth admissions committees require either:
- Three individual recommendations
- Evaluation materials/packet from a structured university or college Pre-Medical Committee
Occasionally, an applicant will want to submit a fourth or even a fifth letter of recommendation. While this is acceptable, submitting more letters will not necessarily make you more competitive in the selection process. Be selective and add a letter only if the writer offers new insights into your candidacy.
|University of Mississippi School of Medicine
|Evaluations must be written by either faculty who taught the applicant, preferably courses used to satisfy admissions criteria, or faculty who supervised the applicant conducting research outside the classroom.
A minimum of three faculty evaluation letters is required: however, one composite evaluation from a pre-professional advisory committee will suffice.
|University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine
|Applicants should submit three letters of evaluation. Additional letters beyond the three required may be submitted to supplement or validate other aspects of your candidacy, but no more than six letters.
One letter from a professor who taught and issued the applicant a grade is required. It is strongly recommended that the letter from a professor who issued a grade be from science faculty. Letters from teaching assistants will not satisfy this requirement. Applicants may submit a pre-med committee or composite letter in lieu of the three individual letters.
If the applicant has completed an undergraduate degree before September 2019, please have three letters of evaluation sent from individuals who are familiar with the applicant's recent scientific work, study experience or professional experience.
|University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Medicine
|A minimum of three letters of recommendation is required. UMKC School of Medicine will accept committee letters completed by three of more individuals.
|University of Nebraska College of Medicine
|Two letters of recommendation from undergraduate faculty members are required; one in the Pre-medical science area. An official report of a pre-medical advisory committee will fulfill the two-letter requirement.
Limit recommendation letters that you designate through AMCAS for release to UNMC to a total of four.
|University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine
|UNR Med requires, and will review, three letters of evaluation. If more than three letters are submitted, the admissions committee reviewers may not read additional letters.
One clinical evaluation, written by a physician (MD or DO), a Nurse Practitioner (NP) or a Physician Assistant (PA) who can evaluate, based upon direct observation, an applicant’s interactions within a clinical environment, pre-professional competencies, and passion for medicine.
One academic evaluation written by an instructor or faculty member with direct knowledge of your commitment to academic excellence and who can provide information about your thinking and reasoning skills as well as pre-professional competencies that directly impact academic performance.
Your third required letter should be from someone who can offer a professional evaluation of how your pre-professional competencies, personal attributes, and life experiences have prepared you for success in medical school and as a physician. We suggest a supervisor, research advisor, volunteer coordinator, clinical provider, or a faculty member.
|University of New Mexico School of Medicine
|The Committee on Admissions requires applicants to submit a minimum of three letters of recommendation, with a maximum of four, from individuals who know them well. These individuals should be chosen carefully by the applicant to honestly evaluate their abilities and their motivation for the practice of medicine.
It is suggested that applicants obtain letters from the following:
- Two letters from professors/faculty instructors.
- One letter from a clinician, such as a nurse or physician with whom you performed your clinical experience.
- One letter from a person with whom you worked on a project (research mentor, program director, commanding officer or work supervisor).
Applicants who have been away from degree-granting academic programs for more than three years may elect to submit letters from individuals other than professors.
|University of North Carolina School of Medicine
|All applicants may submit up to three (3) additional letters, which must be submitted no later than October 1st. Suggestions for these additional letters are leaders with whom you have interacted closely in service, research, or healthcare training experiences. We strongly encourage you to utilize this opportunity to garner additional letters.
For applicants who are currently undergrads or have graduated fewer than two years ago:
- We require at least two letters of recommendation from professors who know you well and have taught you in a formal classroom setting. We suggest one of the two letters should be from a professor in your most recent major or degree-granting department, and the other may be from any professor of your choice.
- If the undergraduate institution has a Pre-Health Committee, it would be preferable to have letters from this committee. Please keep in mind that the individual letters should be included in the packet sent by the Pre-Health Committee. If your Pre-Health Committee does not include the individual letters, it will be your responsibility as the applicant to garner additional individual letters.
For applicants who graduated undergrad more than two years ago:
- Two letters of recommendation are required from mentors who know you well and have interacted with you in an academic setting. This could be a professor with whom you have maintained regular contact, a research PI, or another advisor. These mentors should have recent knowledge of how you work in an academic setting.
For applicants who have completed, or are currently completing, an advanced degree program or significant post-grad work experience:
- For applicants who have advanced degrees or significant post-grad work (one year or more), two letters of recommendation are required from mentors who have interacted with you in an academic setting and know you well. You should have at least one letter from your post-grad education and/or major work experience.
|University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences
|UND SMHS requires three letters of recommendation. We suggest acquiring letters from a diverse group of people (college instructors, faculty, supervisors, etc.) who know you well and can address the personal characteristics noted in the section on Selection Criteria. Non-traditional applicants who have been out of school for a number of years may choose to include more letters from supervisors than faculty.
Choose one of the following options to satisfy the letters of recommendation requirement:
Option 1: Submit three Individual Letters of recommendation. If you submit more than three letters, only the first three will be forwarded to the Medical School Admissions Committee. OR
Option 2: A Committee Letter (which we count as equivalent to two letters of evaluation) and one Individual Letter of recommendation, which is not part of your Committee Letter.
A Committee Letter, regardless of how many additional letters it contains, counts as two letters of recommendation. In order to meet the requirement of three letters of recommendation, you must submit one more individual letter. For many applicants, this final letter is from a supervisor.
Option 3: A Letter Packet, which will account for all three letters of recommendation required.
The Medical School Admissions Committee will only read the first three letters of a letter packet.
|University of Oklahoma College of Medicine
|Either a premedical committee letter and one faculty letter or three faculty letters. Our definition of a faculty letter is one written by a college/university faculty member who has instructed you at the college/university level.
Applicants currently enrolled in a graduate degree program are required to submit a letter from the program director or chair of the department which states the applicant is in good standing and that they are supportive of the application.
|University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine
- 1 premed committee and 1 faculty letter.
- 3 faculty letters.
If you are enrolled in a graduate degree program, you must submit a letter from the program director or chair of the department stating you are in good standing and that they support your application to the program.
|University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
|Three recommendations at a minimum or a committee letter (no maximum).
The committee letter should be buttressed with individual letters of recommendation.
We prefer three letters of recommendation from professors or important mentors (such as research mentors). The best are letters from those who know the applicant well and can comment on the above competencies. Supplemental recommendations from the supervisors or peers of extracurricular activities or work positions are encouraged as well.
|University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine
|Letters of recommendation: two from professors in the major field, one from a professor in another department.
|University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
|Letters of recommendation submitted on official letterhead may be a composite letter or pre-health advisory committee letter from your school, or a minimum of 3 individual letters.
|University of South Alabama College of Medicine
|Letters of Recommendation must meet the following criteria:
A composite evaluation or letter packet prepared by the premedical committee of your undergraduate college is preferred.
If your college has no such committee or system for providing a composite evaluation then you must submit five (5) letters of recommendation:
- Three (3) letters of recommendation from faculty who have taught you - one letter must be from science faculty
- Two (2) letters of recommendation from people who have known and observed you on a personal basis
Graduate students enrolled in a degree-granting program must submit a letter of evaluation written by your major advisor or department chair containing the anticipated date of fulfilling your degree requirements. All coursework must be completed prior to entering medical school.
Consideration will be given to non-traditional applicants in the makeup of their letters who have not done any academic work for 5 or more years. Interested applicants should contact our office for more information
If you are currently employed, we strongly encourage but do not require a letter of recommendation from your employer.
|University of South Carolina School of Medicine
|You'll need to submit three letters of recommendation with your AMCAS application. We highly recommend two of these be from faculty in the sciences, so that we may better understand your abilities in the basic sciences.
|University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville
|At least three letters of recommendation, with a maximum of five letters.
If your undergraduate institution prepares a Premedical Advisory Committee letter, we will accept that to fulfill the minimum letter requirements.
We do not have requirements for the types of letters you must submit. Letters should be written by individuals who know you well: a faculty professor at your undergraduate institution; a physician with whom you have worked closely; a research mentor; or an employer. It is important to make sure that the individuals or premedical advisory committee members submitting letters on your behalf know you well and are able to comment on your work ethic, interpersonal and communication skills, attention to detail, passion for medicine and compassion for your future patients.
|University of South Florida College of Medicine
|USF Health MCOM requires applicants submit two (2) letters of recommendation.
While five (5) letters of recommendation are recommended, it is required that a minimum of two (2) letters come from science faculty who have taught you in a formal course: (a Teaching Assistant is not considered faculty.)
Letters can originate from basic science faculty. Science faculty includes but is not limited to: Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.
Additional letters of recommendation can be non-science faculty letters or character letters from individuals who can speak of your abilities and attributes outside of an academic setting. Character letters should not be from a family member, peer or a relative. Character letters should corroborate your experiences in AMCAS. They should include but are not limited to: Physicians you’ve shadowed, Research Mentors, Volunteer Coordinators/Supervisors, etc.
Non-science faculty includes but is not limited to: Math, Psychology, English, Humanities, Anthropology, History, etc.
If your school has a Letter Packet that includes the letters, submit the pre-professional Letter Packet from your undergraduate institution directly to AMCAS. No further Letters of Recommendation are needed.
If your school has a Committee Evaluation Letter, submit the pre-professional Committee Evaluation Letter from your undergraduate institution directly to AMCAS. No further Letters of Recommendation are needed.
|University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine
|The Keck School of Medicine of USC participates in the AMCAS Letter of Recommendation Service. A committee letter is sufficient. Alternatively, 2 or 3 letters from professors, PI’s or work experience are acceptable.
Do not send more than 3 letters! Applicants are required to send their letters through AMCAS. DO NOT send any letters of recommendation to the Office of Admissions, as they will not be accepted.
|University of Tennessee College of Medicine
|A recommendation from the official pre-professional Advisory Committee (where such a committee exists), or recommendation letters from three faculty members, is required.
Additional recommendations may be submitted, although, they should number no more than three (3).
|University of Texas Medical Branch School of Medicine
|Medical applicants are required to submit:
One Health Professions Committee Packet.
Three individual letters of evaluation.
|University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine
|A minimum of three evaluations or a Health Professions Advisory packet are required.
Letters of reference from professors are preferred, however, letters from employment supervisors, physicians, other medical personnel or research mentors are acceptable as well.
|University of Texas Southwestern Medical School at Dallas
|Three or more letters of recommendation, including letters from all research mentors.
|University of Toledo College of Medicine
|A maximum of six (6) letters may be submitted.
Premedical Advisory Committee, a letter packet, or individual letters from the college or university from which you will graduate or have recently graduated. Often letters are from three (3) faculty members with whom you have studied. Meaningful letters are typically from individuals who can address features of your personality, history, and motivation in addition to your academic accomplishments.
If you are not a recent college graduate, three (3) letters of recommendation are required and can be obtained from faculty from your former college/university or from someone who is familiar with your activities since leaving college such as a job supervisor or volunteer director.
|University of Utah School of Medicine
|Three (3) letters of recommendation are required, but up to four (4) will be accepted.
Premedical committee letters will not be accepted.
Individual letters included in a premedical letter packet can be submitted towards your four (4) letters of recommendation.
It is recommended that applicants provide:
- At least one (1) ACADEMIC letter where the letter writer can speak to the your academic ability and/or intellectual curiosity
- At least one (1) MENTORING letter where the letter writer can speak to your commitment to service, leadership ability, growth as an individual, and/or interpersonal/teamwork skills.
|University of Vermont College of Medicine
|We require a committee letter or a letter packet if your college or university provides it. These collective letters count as one letter in AMCAS and meet the entire requirement.
If your school does not have an advisor or committee, you must provide three letters as follows:
- Two letters from professors in the sciences with whom you have taken classes, and
- One additional letter from a non-science professor with whom you have taken a class.
You can provide up to six (6) letters in total.
|University of Virginia School of Medicine
|The School of Medicine prefers a premedical advisor evaluation, or if this service is not available, a minimum of two letters, preferably from science professors or the equivalent. You may also have individual letters sent to AMCAS in addition to a premed advising evaluation.
While there is no limit to the number of letters you may submit, it is better to have a few meaningful letters from individuals who know you well than to have a larger number of superficial letters of recommendation.
|University of Washington School of Medicine
|Submit a pre-medical committee evaluation and up to three additional letters, or submit a minimum of three and up to six letters from writers who can speak to one or more of the following:
- Academic ability
- Commitment to service
- Leadership potential
- Clinical or research experiences
- Interpersonal skills
- Interaction with patients
- Ability to function on a team, and/or potential as a physician
- Respect for others
- Communication skills
- Work ethic
The collection of letters should provide a balanced and well-rounded view of your candidacy for medicine. Letters of recommendation from people who know you well can give the committee a better understanding of who you are. Consider current employers, people at your volunteer or shadowing opportunities, teaching assistants, etc.
|University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
|One committee letter and one individual letter from a nonacademic source.
One letter packet – This packet should include letters from three faculty members and a letter from a nonacademic source. A letter packet is a packet or set of letters assembled and distributed by an institution, often by the institution’s career center.
Four individual letters – Three academic letters of recommendation from faculty members and a fourth nonacademic letter from a mentor. An individual letter refers to a letter authored by, or representing, a single letter writer. If there is already a nonacademic letter included in either a committee letter or a letter packet, there is no need to add a separate AMCAS letter request entry for the nonacademic letter.
Academic letters may be from faculty members in any discipline.
Nonacademic letters may be written by anyone an applicant considers to be a mentor who can attest to his/her personal qualities and characteristics. In the past, admitted applicants have had letters written by employers, volunteer coordinators, individuals they shadowed, and community leaders, to give a few examples. Nonacademic letters should not be written by a family member or peer.
Letters written by faculty supervisors in research labs can be considered either academic or nonacademic.
|UT Health San Antonio Joe R. and Teresa Lozano Long School of Medicine
|Medical applicants are required to submit:
- One Health Professions Committee Packet.
- Three individual letters of evaluation.
|UTHealth John P. and Katherine G. McGovern Medical School
|Medical applicants are required to submit:
- One Health Professions Committee Packet.
- Three individual letters of evaluation.
|Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
|A letter of evaluation or letter packet should be sent from your Premedical Committee. If your university does not have this committee, send three letters of evaluation.
Vanderbilt University supports the movement for letters to cover the AAMC Guidelines and encourages applicants to solicit letters from evaluators who can address competencies. If you have advanced degrees or at least one year of postgraduate full-time employment, it is advisable to ask your supervisor at work or a member of the graduate faculty to send a letter of recommendation.
|VCU School of Medicine, Medical College of Virginia Health Sciences Division
|Applicants should submit a minimum of three letters of recommendation (maximum of five).
A letter packet is assembled and distributed by your school. It may or may not include a cover letter from your pre-health advisor or committee, but it does not include a committee evaluation. If the letter packet contains at least three individual letters, it will fulfill our requirements. However, if the letter packet includes fewer than three individual letters, you will need to submit additional individual letters to meet our minimum requirement of three letters.
If you have taken time off between college and medical school, you should also send a letter of evaluation from a person who can comment about experiences during that period.
If there are special circumstances or potential concerns raised within your application (ex: lower grades one semester, compelling reason for withdrawal from a class, minor institutional action), consider securing a letter that could validate or clarify the situation.
|Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine and Research Institute
|We require a minimum of three letters but recommend four to seven. At least one recommendation should come from a science or math faculty member. Letters from a medical professional and a research mentor are strongly recommended. A pre-health advisor letter packet and/or committee letter may also be submitted.
|Wake Forest School of Medicine
|The Committee on Admissions prefers a Premedical Committee report or letter packet. While the Medical School Admissions Requirements (MSAR) lists 6 as the maximum number of letters we accept, your file is marked as complete once your letter packet/committee letter or two letters of recommendation are received.
|Washington State University Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine
|If your premedical advising office provides a committee letter compiling feedback from multiple sources, this committee letter will meet the required letters of evaluation. If you do not have access to a premedical advising office, three individual letters will meet the letter requirement.
If recently in school, try to include at least one faculty member who has gotten to know you during the course of your studies. If you have been out of school for some years, consider an employment supervisor.
|Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine
|Letters should come from three instructors at a college or university you attended who know you well enough to write on your behalf.
At least one should be from an individual who has taught you in the sciences.
These recommenders should be asked to provide an in-depth evaluation of your accomplishments, skills, talents and character rather than mere recapitulations of your academic achievement or course grades. Letters may also come from research mentors. If you have had a particularly significant extracurricular or postgraduate experience, you may also invite mentors or supervisors from this experience to submit a letter of evaluation.
You are permitted to submit a letter prepared by a premedical advisor or committee, either in addition to individual letters, or as a substitute for them if this is the typical practice at your school.
|Wayne State University School of Medicine
|Submit a statement from the pre-medical advisory committee at your college or university, or three letters of recommendation — with at least two from faculty members. One letter must have been written within the past 12 months.
If you are in a postbaccalaureate or graduate program, we strongly encourage you to submit at least one letter from your program. If you are applying to the M.D./Ph.D. program, at least one letter must be from a researcher.
|Weill Cornell Medical College
|If your college has a preprofessional advisory committee, you must either submit a letter from this committee or inform us in writing why you cannot obtain a committee letter.
If your college does not have such a committee, we require two letters of evaluation from those who know you well and can discuss your capabilities, accomplishments and character. A teacher, whether at the undergraduate or graduate level, should be one who has worked with you personally.
If you have had substantial research, work, clinical or service experience, you should submit a letter from your supervisor in that experience.
|West Virginia University School of Medicine
| - A committee letter provided by your undergraduate institution
- a minimum of 3 letters of recommendation of your choice
|Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine
|Applicants must submit a minimum of three and no more than four letters of reference through the AMCAS Letters Service.
Letters must come from individuals with firsthand knowledge of the applicant’s qualifications, skills, attributes and values by direct observation and who can comment on academic achievement as well as personal qualities including work ethic and motivation for a medical career.
Two of the letters are recommended to be from faculty members who have been the applicant's undergraduate or graduate instructors or mentors, or employment supervisors in the case of non-traditional applicants.
If students apply from a university that provides a composite letter from a premedical advisory program, the composite letter will be accepted in lieu of the two letters recommended from faculty.
|Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine
|We prefer to receive a letter of recommendation from the premedical advisory committee at your college or university. If your school does not have such a committee, you may substitute letters from three faculty members who had you in class, including at least two letters from science faculty.
For non-traditional applicants or anyone who cannot meet the letters of recommendation standards listed above, choose someone who you feel can best attest to your ability to meet the required competencies for medical school. The minimum number of letters is three; the maximum number of letters is five.
|Yale School of Medicine
|A Premedical Committee letter is recommended for all MD and MD/PhD candidates.
If your school does not have a Premedical Committee, you may submit at least three individual letters of recommendation. These letters should come from individuals who are in a position to comment knowledgeably on your accomplishments, abilities, experience, and/or personal qualifications. They may come from those who have taught you or worked with you in undergraduate or graduate school classes, in research settings, clinical settings, extracurricular or community service activities, professional settings, or other contexts.
It is helpful to have at least one of the letters from someone in the sciences, but this is not mandatory. What is important is that the letters provide information and support that will be informative and helpful to the Admissions Committee, supplementing the information that appears elsewhere in your application.
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