Chase DiMarco talks about how medical students can increase their motivation level. He cites several studies that delve into intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and the factors that can influence both.
- [03:29] Theories of Motivation
- [05:58] Intrinsic Motivation vs Extrinsic Motivation
- [09:48] How to Affect Motivation
- [11:37] The Role of Self-Concept in Academic Success
- [12:48] Make the Change You Need
Theories of Motivation
The numerous theories on motivation can be classified into three categories: competence, value, and control. Competence has to do with one’s expectation of success. It refers to an individual’s self confidence in accomplishing tasks. The next category is value, which is concern towards a task’s outcome. A learner evaluates the consequences that come with a task and if it’s worth doing. Lastly, control pertains to one’s belief that certain factors can be changeable. People who believe they have power over circumstances tend to be more resilient.
Difference between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic motivation is the drive to perform an action because one finds it enjoyable or interesting. You pursue an activity for its inherent value or satisfaction. On the other hand, extrinsic motivation is associated with external incentives. Getting a reward or avoiding punishment is what motivates you to act.
How to Affect Motivation
Habit formation can positively affect extrinsic motivation. The decreased difficulty in performing an action increases the chances of forming a good habit. This new habit can help you reach your extrinsic goals. Meanwhile, practicing self-compassion and gratitude is beneficial to intrinsic motivation. Journaling and meditation can improve one’s empathy and awareness. You may start to notice value in things you previously disliked.
Self-Concept and Academic Success
Self-concept seems to be the most significant factor that affects students’ academic achievement. A learner’s confidence in his/her skills can potentially impact motivation. Fortunately, the perception we have of ourselves is something that we can work on.
Find out what motivates you and assess each factor. Your answers can change over time. Learn more about cognitive behavioral therapy and apply those concepts in your life. Practice meditation or gratitude more often. Engage in activities that help you become more accepting of your circumstance. Improving your self-concept will not only be beneficial to your student life, but to your overall personal development.
Listen to Medical Mnemonist’s last episode: 7 Habits of Highly Successful Medical Students.
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